Gone are the days when working in Uber Eats, Glovo, Stuart and other apps only required a download and registration. Today, working through apps as a driver or courier is subject to many employment and tax regulations. And because these issues are crucial for you as a driver or courier, we have prepared 2 detailed articles, one on each topic. Here’s the first one.
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Fleet partner vs. sole proprietorship - everything you need to know about how these work:
- Why are you hired by a billing partner and not the app?
- How do you get started with the apps (fleet partner / sole proprietorship)?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of fleet partners and sole proprietorships and for whom are they intended?
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Why are you getting hired by a fleet partner and not Glovo, Wolt, Stuart and other apps?
Glovo, Wolt, Stuart and other work apps describe themselves as an 'intermediary' between the customer and the driver/restaurant for a reason. This is because they do not employ drivers or couriers directly - when working through an app of this type you are always a 'partner' of the app, never an 'employee'. These apps simply do not want to have their own employees, and the reason for that is very simple: costs. Working with another company is simply more beneficial for the platforms because of tax optimisation.
This is why platforms such as Stuart, Glovo and Bolt Food do not employ, but offer cooperation either through the so-called fleet partners (a.k.a. billing partners) or through sole proprietorship. In this article, we will describe both options as well as the key differences in terms of contracts, paperwork and obligations. Let's start with how fleet partners work.
Fleet partner(billing partner) - how does it work?
Fleet partners are the companies that take care of the formalities which Stuart, Glovo, Bolt Food and other apps don't want to deal with. They sign contracts, hire employees, onboard them, pay their social security contributions, calculate taxes and more. In short, billing partners take over most of the formal duties from the app and from you - for a fee, of course. To a large extent, therefore, they act like an employment agency.
Fleet partner (billing partner) - advantages
Being employed by a fleet partner has a key advantage: you don't have to set up your own business to start working for Uber Eats, Bolt Food, Glovo and other apps. You are formally employed by a billing partner and your only job is to transport goods and people. Fleet partners use different provisions in their contracts, so there is no set template - some go for simplicity, others prefer a very detailed description of the rules. A contract of mandate is considered the standard, which has several advantages for both you and the partner:
A contract of mandate with a billing partner means flexibility for both parties
A contract with the partner states that the contractor (driver/courier) is free to decide where and when to carry out the activities referred to in the contract. Billing partners also often do not charge for periods in which the contractor has not worked or has not reached a given quota, e.g. 10 trips, although there are exceptions. Such provisions are not possible on an employment contract, where the working hours, scope of duties and remuneration must be precisely defined,
A contract of mandate with a fleet partner means lower taxes for you
A contract of mandate is generally cheaper than an employment contract. In addition, it allows for tax optimisation so that you earn significantly more, i.e. a combination of a contract of mandate and a private vehicle hire contract. We describe this mechanism in the second part of the article.
Billing partner provides you with a taxi licence faster and cheaper
Billing partners that have a passenger transport app (Uber, Bolt, Free Now) MUST have a licence, which means that if you are employed by a partner you can use their licence - you don't have to get your own, so you save some time and money.
When you sign a contract with a fleet partner, you will be covered by health insurance
If you do not have health insurance (you’re not a student and you’re not already working for another company), signing a contract of mandate with your partner will cover you.